Moment Magnitude

Resources

Background
Activities
  Interactive Magnitude Simulator 
  geoPHYSICS 
  Magnitude vs. Intensity 
Vocabulary
Related Animations
  Modeling Earthquake in Classroom
  Seismographs 
  Elastic Rebound

Moment Magnitude

 

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Moment Magnitude

Scientists have developed far-more sensitive seismometers that, with faster computers, have enabled them to record & interpret a broader spectrum of seismic signals than was possible in the 1930's, when the Richter magnitude was developed. The moment magnitude uses seismograms plus what physically occurs during an earthquake (which can also be derived from seismograms), known as the "seismic moment". The seismic moment defines how much force is needed to generate the recorded waves. That information is plugged into the moment magnitude scale to give us the amount of energy that is released during an earthquake.

 mp4 (34.9 MB)

 

Directed by Robert Butler, University of Portland
Animation by Jenda Johnson
Narrated by Roger Groom, Mt. Tabor Middle School
Original music by Jesse Gay, CNS Engineering
Photographs courtesy of US Geological Survey

 

Animations and videos are made in partnership with Earthscope and Volcano Video & Graphics.

Please send feedback to Jenda Johnson.