3-D Isotropic Shear Velocity Model from Ambient Noise and Earthquake Tomography

3-D Isotropic Shear Velocity Model from Ambient Noise and Earthquake Tomography, Figure 2 Figure 2.
Vertical cross section of shear wave velocity along 40°N delineated by the black line in Figure 1, where the crustal part is plotted as absolute shear velocity and the mantle is plotted as the shear velocity perturbation relative to the average velocity profile.
<p>
Ambient Noise Tomography (ANT) is an efficient way to image the earth’s crust since its inception in 2005. We use over 300,000 cross-correlations from ambient noise based on the past three years of EarthScope/USArray Transportable Array (TA) data. This data set provides empirical green’s functions between each pair of stations and finally results in over 100,000 high SNR Rayleigh wave dispersion measurements from 8 and 40 sec period. Figure 1 shows the 12s Rayleigh wave velocity map with the Yellowstone hotspot and the principal sedimentary basins identified: CV (Central Valley), UB (Uinta Basin), GRB (Green River Basin), YS (Yellowstone), WB (Washakie Basin), PRB (Powder River Basin), DB (Denver Basin), AB (Albuquerque Basin), PB (Permian Basin), AB (Anadarko Basin). In addition, we perform surface wave tomography based on teleseismic earthquakes with the same station set using more than 200 earthquakes in two-plane-wave tomography (TPWT) to produce Rayleigh wave dispersion maps at from 25 to 144 sec. At In overlapping period band (25-40s) the two methods produce similar dispersion maps.
</p><p>With these dispersion maps from 8 to 144 sec period, we apply Monte-Carlo inversion to construct a 3-D shear velocity model on the western US and the transition region to cratonic North America. Figure 2 shows a cross section of the 3model along 40oN in which geological provinces are shown: BR (Basin and Range), CP (Colorado Plateau), RM (Rocky Mountains), and GP (Great Plains). Low velocities are observed in the Great Plains and the northern Colorado plateau in the shallow crust, which coincides with sedimentary basins. In the mantle, low velocity anomalies are observed beneath the entire Basin and Range province extending from 113oW to 120oW. High velocity anomalies beneath the Colorado Plateau and the Great Basin extend to the depth of ~150km, indicating thickened lithosphere. The high horizontal velocity gradient along the Rocky Mountain front reveals the boundary between the tectonic western US and the cratonic eastern US. Future work will assimilate body wave information (receiver functions) and geothermal information to reduce the crustal thickness-velocity trade-off.
</p><p>References
</p><p>Yang, Y., M. H. Ritzwoller, F.-C. Lin, M. P. Moschetti, and N. M. Shapiro (2008), Structure of the crust and uppermost mantle beneath the western United States revealed by ambient noise and earthquake tomography, J. Geophys. Res., 113, B12310
</p><p>Acknowledgements: All data used were obtained from the IRIS Data Management Center. The authors are grateful to Hersh Gilbert for providing the crustal thickness map.</p>

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