Intimate Details of Tremor Observed by a Dense Seismic Array

Intimate Details of Tremor Observed by a Dense Seismic Array A unified view of tremor distribution in time and space: a time scale (log10) is shown at the top. The maps show different elements of spatiotemporal tremor distribution observed over different time scales. Positions of the maps along the time scale approximately correspond to the time scales over which these elements are typically observed. Arrow in each map indicates slip direction of CSZ. Black solid square marks the Big Skidder array. (a) Slip-parallel tremor streak. Colored circles represent tremor locations. Time is color-coded to show rapid tremor migration over short time scale. (b) Slip-parallel tremor bands defining the long-term slower along-strike tremor migration over time-scales of hours to a day. Solid colored circles are tremor locations. Blue, pink, and green locations define the tremor bands. Faint yellow locations fall outside the tremor bands. (c) Relative band-limited tremor moment patches that release much of the seismic moment during an ETS event.
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We installed a dense small aperture seismic array in Cascadia, and captured the episodic tremor and slip event in May 2008. We developed a new beam-backprojection (BBP) method to detect and locate non-volcanic tremor [Ghosh et al., 2009]. BBP method detects up to 4 times more duration of tremor during a weak episode, and gives unprecedented resolution in relative tremor location, compared to a conventional envelope cross-correlation method. We track tremor minute-by-minute using BBP method, and map spatiotemporal tremor distribution over different time scales. Over short time scale (several minutes), tremor shows rapid, continuous, slip-parallel migration with a velocity of ~50 km/hr [Ghosh et al., 2010a]. Over the time scale of several hours, slip-parallel tremor bands sweep Cascadia along-strike with a velocity of ~10 km/day [Ghosh et al., 2010b]. Finally, over the time scale of several days, tremor develops distinct moment patches that overlap with geodetic slip patch on the interface [Ghosh et al., 2009]. While heterogeneity on the plate interface may cause tremor moment patches, along-strike stress transfer can explain slow along-strike marching of tremor bands. These varied and intriguing observations lead toward a unified view of tremor distribution in space and time.
</p><p>References
</p><p>Ghosh, A., J. E. Vidale, J. R. Sweet, K. C. Creager, A. G. Wech, and H. Houston (2010a), Toward a unified view of tremor distribution in space and time, Seismol. Res. Lett., 81(2), pp. 297 (SSA Annual Meeting 2010)
</p><p>Ghosh, A., J. E. Vidale, J. R. Sweet, K. C. Creager, A. G. Wech, and H. Houston (2010b), Tremor bands sweep Cascadia, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L08301.
</p><p>Ghosh, A., J. E. Vidale, J. R. Sweet, K. C. Creager, and A. G. Wech (2009), Tremor patches in Cascadia revealed by seismic array analysis, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L17316.</p>

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