Data Services Products: SWS-DB-MST The Missouri S&T western and central United States shear-wave splitting database

Summary

The shear-wave splitting measurements for western and central United States is a teleseismic shear-wave splitting (SWS) database based on all the data from all the broadband seismic stations in North America that contains over 16,000 pairs of well-defined (and manually checked) SWS measurements for the western and central United States (west of 90°W).

Description

Ray-path of the three XKS phases

Ray-path of the three XKS phases used for
this database. Solid lines are S-wave path
segments, dashed lines are P-wave path
segments, and stars are earthquake sources.
Modified from Savage [1999].

Measurements of the strength and direction of seismic anisotropy from splitting of teleseismic P-to-S converted phases at the core-mantle boundary on the receiver side, such as SKS, SKKS, and PKS (collectively called XKS, figure to the right) provide important information on the mechanical anisotropy of the earth’s crust and upper mantle in the form of SWS parameters:

  • fast polarization direction (φ)
  • splitting time between the fast and slow split shear-waves (δt)

These parameters are measures of the orientation and strength of the anisotropy.

The Missouri S&T western and central United States shear-wave splitting database uses all the available broadband seismic data archived at the IRIS DMC in the western and central United States (west of 90°W), from teleseismic events occurred between 1980-01-01 and early 2013. Seismic waveforms from events with magnitude ≥ 5.6, which is reduced to 5.5 if the focal depth is greater than 100 km to take the advantage of sharper waveforms from deeper earthquakes, and in the epicentral distance range of 84°-180° are requested from the DMC. The data are band-pass filtered in the frequency band of 0.04-0.5 Hz which includes the main XKS energy.

Database Download (version 1308)

The database contains 16,105 pairs of shear-wave splitting parameters for western and central United States (go to the database repository). The entire database is available as a text file with 17 columns, as listed below.

The columns in the database:

  1. Station_network name
  2. Phase name
  3. Event name
  4. Station latitude
  5. Station longitude
  6. Fast polarization direction
  7. The standard deviation of the fast direction
  8. Splitting time
  9. The standard deviation of the splitting time
  10. Back azimuth, measured clockwise from the North
  11. Modulo-90 degree back-azimuth
  12. Event latitude
  13. Event longitude
  14. Event depth
  15. Measurement quality
  16. Longitude of XKS raypiercing point at 200 km depth
  17. Latitude of XKS raypiercing point at 200 km depth

 

Citation

  • Liu, K.H., A. Elsheikh, A. Lemnifi, U. Purevsuren, M. Ray, H. Refayee, B. Yang, Y. Yu, and S.S. Gao (2014), A uniform database of teleseismic shear wave splitting measurements for the western and central United States, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems , doi: 10.1002/2014GC005267
  • Yang, B.B., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, A.A. Elsheikh, A.A. Lemnifi, H.A. Refayee, and Y. Yu (2014), Seismic anisotropy and mantle flow beneath the northern Great Plains of North America, Journal of Geophysical Research, , volume 119, doi: 10.1002/2013JB010561
  • Trabant, C., A. R. Hutko, M. Bahavar, R. Karstens, T. Ahern and R. Aster (2012), Data products at the IRIS DMC: stepping-stones for research and other application, Seismological Research Letters, 83(6), 846:854. doi: 10.1785/0220120032

Related Publications

Most of the measurements below (version 1308) are described in the following publications:

  • Liu, K.H., A. Elsheikh, A. Lemnifi, U. Purevsuren, M. Ray, H. Refayee, B. Yang, Y. Yu, and S.S. Gao (2014), A uniform database of teleseismic shear wave splitting measurements for the western and central United States, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems , doi: 10.1002/2014GC005267
  • Liu, K.H. (2009), NA-SWS-1.1: A uniform database of teleseismic shear-wave splitting measurements for North America, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 10, Q05011, doi:10.1029/2009GC002440
  • Refayee, H.A., B.B. Yang, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2013), Mantle flow and lithosphere-asthenosphere coupling beneath the southwestern edge of the North American Craton: Constraints from shear-wave splitting measurements, Earth and Planetary Science Letters , 10.1016/j.epsl.2013.01.031.
  • Yang, B.B., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, A.A. Elsheikh, A.A. Lemnifi, H.A. Refayee, and Y. Yu (2014), Seismic anisotropy and mantle flow beneath the northern Great Plains of North America, Journal of Geophysical Research, , volume 119, doi: 10.1002/2013JB010561

In addition, the measurements were produced using the procedure described in the following paper:

  • Liu, K.H, and S.S. Gao (2013), Making reliable shear-wave splitting measurements, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Volume 103, No.5, 14 pages, doi: 10.1785/0120120355

References

  • Liu, K. H., S. S. Gao, Y. Gao, and J. Wu (2008), Shear wave splitting and mantle flow associated with the deflected Pacific slab beneath northeast Asia, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, B01305 (15 pages), doi:10.1029/2007JB005178
  • Savage, M. K. (1999), Seismic anisotropy and mantle deformation: what we learned from shear-wave splitting?Rev. Geophys., 37, 65-106.

Credits

Kelly H. Liu
Professor of Geophysics
http://www.mst.edu/~liukh
liukh@mst.edu

Stephen S. Gao
Professor of Geophysics
http://web.mst.edu/~sgao/
sgao@mst.edu

Geology & Geophysics Program
Missouri University of Science and Technology
Rolla, MO 65409, USA

The shear-wave splitting measurements for the western and central United States was provided under sub-award number 63-DMS, which was awarded under cooperative agreement No. EAR-0733069 issued by the NSF under CFDA No. 47.050.

Timeline

2014-03-21
Added Missouri S&T shear-wave splitting database

DOI

There is no DOI currently assigned for this product.

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